Many people know little about Botswana, yet it is one of Africa’s most prosperous beautiful, and conservation-minded countries.
A visit here is part of Renedian’s Waterfalls and Wildlife and Victoria Falls to Cape Town safaris.
- Botswana is landlocked, bordered on land by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe in the northeast.
- The Tswana are the majority ethnic group, comprising 79 percent of the slightly more than 2 million people. BaKalanga and San are the largest minority ethnic groups.
- The Zambezi River separates Botswana and Zambia in the northwestern part of the country. The poorly defined border is approximate 150 to 700 meters wide, making it the shortest border in the world between independent countries.
- The area where Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Namibia meet might be the only place in the world where you can pick up a cellular signal from four countries in one place.
- Botswana’s topography is very flat, and 70 percent of its surface is taken up by the Kalahari Desert.
- Approximately 38 percent of the country’s surface is dedicated to national parks, reserves, and wildlife management area, higher than most countries.
- Botswana is home to the Makgadikadi Pans—the largest salt pans in the world with an area of about 12,000 km2. The climate here is harsh—very hot and very dry. When it rains, the pan transforms into a blue lake attracting animals and birds, including flamingos.
- The Okavango Delta is the largest inland delta in the world, covering about 15,000 km2.
- Chobe National Park has one of the largest concentrations of game in Africa, including 120,000 elephants. These mammoth animals have the largest in body size of all living elephants.
- Before achieving independence from Britain in 1966, Botswana was one of the poorest and least developed countries in Africa. Since then they’ve blossomed, due largely to the discovery of a huge diamond mine in Orapa. With one of the fastest growth rates in per capita income in the world, Botswana is one of the most prosperous countries in Africa. It’s also Africa’s longest continuous democracy.
- About 17.7 percent of the world’s diamonds come from Botswana, making them the second largest producer in the world. In terms of value, they’re the biggest. The Jwaneng Diamond Mine in southern Botswana is the world’s richest diamond mine. Diamond revenues allow free education to every child up to age 13.
- Botswana’s flag is predominantly blue to depict peace and harmony in the country. The blue represents water and rain, which mean prosperity in this mainly arid country. The black represents black Batswana (citizens of Botswana) and the white represents white Batswana. As a whole, the flag depicts racial harmony and peace.
Source: Botswana Regional Info